conspiracy legal definition
- An agreement or combination by two or more individuals
to commit a crime or to commit a lawful act by unlawful means. Making the
agreement is a crime, even if the unlawful act that is planned is never
performed, but most states require overt action by one of the conspirators to
further the conspiracy before the making of the agreement becomes criminal. A
conspiracy to harm someone is also a tort. Also called partnership in crime.
See also tortfeasor, concert
of action rule, accessory, accomplice, aid and abet, attempt, connivance, conscious
parallelism, and solicitation.
- Two or more individuals acting
together to commit a crime or to commit a lawful act by unlawful means even if
they are not aware of each otherÂ’s participation or role in the conspiracy. For
example, Smith and Jones prepare to commit a crime. Jones enlists AdamÂ’s help.
Even though Adams and Smith are unaware of each otherÂ’s participation, there is
a conspiracy between the two to commit the crime and they will be held liable
for each otherÂ’s actions.
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