- The definition of passive is not reacting to something that would generally cause a response.
An example of passive is sitting quietly while someone calls you cruel names.
- Passive is defined as a sentence that is formed by a noun, then a verb then the phrase "by (noun)."
An example of passive is the sentence "The book was moved by the boy."
- influenced or acted upon without exerting influence or acting in return; inactive, but acted upon
- offering no opposition or resistance; submissive; yielding; patient
- taking no active part; inactive
- not requiring or using electric power to function: passive audio speakers
- Chem. inert (sense )
- resistant to corrosion
- Finance of or relating to an investor not involved actively in management, policymaking, etc.: passive losses
- denoting the voice or form of a verb whose subject is the recipient (object) of the action of the verb: opposed to active
- in or of the passive voice: in “The tree was struck by lightning,” was struck is a passive construction
Origin of passiveMiddle English passif ; from Classical Latin passivus ; from passus: see passion
- the passive voice
- a verb in this voice
- Receiving or subjected to an action without responding or initiating an action in return: the mind viewed as a passive receptacle for sensory experience.
- Accepting or submitting without objection or resistance; submissive: a passive acceptance of one's fate.
- Existing, conducted, or experienced without active or concerted effort: “Although tick paralysis is a reportable disease in Washington, surveillance is passive, and only 10 cases were reported during 1987–1995” (US Department of Health and Human Services). “[Many parents believe] that computers are educational and, at the least, less passive than television” (Laurie Hays).
- Of, relating to, or being certain bonds or shares that do not bear financial interest.
- Of, relating to, or being a solar heating or cooling system that uses no external mechanical power.
- Grammar Of, relating to, or being a verb form or voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject is the object of the action or the effect of the verb. For example, in the sentence They were impressed by his manner, were impressed is in the passive voice.
- Chemistry Unreactive except under special or extreme conditions; inert.
- Electronics Exhibiting no gain or contributing no energy: a passive circuit element.
- Psychology Relating to or being an inactive or submissive role in a relationship, especially a sexual relationship.
- The passive voice.
- A verb or construction in the passive voice.
Origin of passiveMiddle English, from Old French passif, from Latin pass&imacron;vus, subject to emotion, the passive, from passus, past participle of pat&imacron;, to suffer; see p&emacron;(i)- in Indo-European roots.
(comparative more passive, superlative most passive)
- (uncountable, grammar) The passive voice of verbs.
- (countable, grammar) A form of a verb that is in the passive voice.
passive - Computer Definition
Not active or energized, i.e., not electrically powered. A reflective satellite, for example, serves only to reflect a signal, rather than act on it to respond to requests for transponder access, amplify the received signal, detect and perhaps correct for errors in the data, resynchronize the signal, shift between uplink and downlink frequencies, or retransmit the signal.A passive optical network (PON) involves passive splitters that only split an incoming signal into two or more outgoing signals at proportionately lower signal strength.
Refers to either the complete absence or to a reduction of electronic processing in a device. For example, "passive 3D" glasses use non-changing lenses in ordinary eyeglass frames in contrast to "active 3D" glasses that contain electronic circuits. Passive matrix displays use fewer transistors than their active matrix counterparts. See passive 3D and passive matrix. Contrast with active.
passive - Legal Definition